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What Is a Security Intelligence Analyst and How to Become One

What Does a Security Intelligence Analyst Do?

A security intelligence analyst assesses the threat various actors pose to an organization, an industry, or general public safety. Some security intelligence analysts focus on physical threats to infrastructure or human safety, while others concentrate specifically on cybersecurity. Regardless of the type of security analysis you do, your responsibilities and duties include a mix of reading reports, making risk assessments, working to detect the source of attacks, and testing current defenses against threats. Your analysis leads to a report to your superiors identifying current threats and advising them on how to improve security measures and response to attacks.

How to Become a Security Intelligence Analyst

To become a security intelligence analyst, you need a bachelor’s degree and specialized training. Some subjects that you can study include international relations, economics, computer science, biology, and medicine. It is also helpful to study a foreign language, and some positions require you to be able to read a second language. In addition to your educational qualifications, background or experience in law enforcement, military service, or security are all useful. Important skills include critical and analytical thinking, strong written and verbal communication, and excellent computer skills.

What Is the Career Path of a Security Intelligence Analyst?

The career path of a security intelligence analyst depends on the types of analysis you perform. If you are in cybersecurity, you may need to begin with entry-level jobs in information security before moving into the intelligence community or moving up in corporate electronic security. Other analysts may start as entry-level analysts and then move up to more lead analysts who take on more responsibility. From there, they can become managers or continue to move up in the intelligence hierarchy. Some analysts become regional or country-specific specialists or lead intelligence units within specific countries identified as threats to national security.