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What Is a Neurosurgeon and How to Become One

What Do Neurosurgeons Do?

Neurosurgeons specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with a variety of diseases and conditions affecting the nervous system: the brain, the spine and spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves. They may perform surgeries to treat trauma, tumors, disorders, and infections, and more. Many neurosurgeons work solely with patients suffering from specific spinal disorders.

What Does a Neurosurgeon's Education Entail?

To become a neurosurgeon, one must have an aptitude for science and medicine. After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, usually with a major in biology, pre-medicine, or microbiology, a prospective neurosurgeon will need to attend medical school. After graduation, they must pass the medical licensing exam, complete an internship and neurosurgical residency program, and become state licensed and board certified. Finally, like all doctors and most medical employees, neurosurgeons must participate and fulfill continuing education requirements throughout their careers.