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What Is a Career Counselor and How to Become One

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What Is a Career Counselor?

A career counselor helps people with their career choices, typically those who are new to the workforce or who are transitioning into a different career. As a career counselor, you provide clients with guidance on how to make their situation favorable for employment. This process usually begins with an initial interview to assess the client’s skills, preferred field and area of focus, and determine a career direction. During this interview and subsequent meetings, a career counselor should gather additional client information, such as employment history, education, interests, and personality type. From here, counselors may advise clients in job searches and point them towards employment opportunities. It is important that career counselors maintain relationships with their clients throughout the entire job search process.

How Can I Become a Career Counselor?

The majority of career counselors have a master’s degree in counseling. Many career counseling programs offer courses that focus on cultural and social diversity, professional identity, relationships, and human growth and development. To complete most master’s degree programs, supervised clinical counseling experience is recommended and often expected. Career counselors need to enroll in continuing education courses and fulfill specific requirements to maintain licensure.

Career Counselor Job Description Sample

With this Career Counselor job description sample, you can get a good idea of what employers are looking for when hiring for this position. Remember though, every employer is different and each will have unique qualifications when they hire for their Career Counselor position.


We are seeking a Career Counselor to help our clients transition to a new career path. In this role, you will help job seekers find a job that fits their skills and experience rather than recruiting applicants for specific jobs. You will interview each client, help them search for opportunities, and follow along with them throughout the entire employment process. You should have a master’s degree in counseling and some experience in a psychology clinic. Prior experience or training in adult education is beneficial, as this can help you in the relationship-building aspect of this position.

Duties and Responsibilities

  • Interview clients to learn their skills and job history
  • Offer career options that fit their goals and qualifications
  • Compile job opportunities and help the client apply
  • Follow up with your client throughout the interview process

Requirements and Qualifications

  • A master’s degree in counseling
  • Clinical psychology experience
  • Strong communication, problem-solving, and relationship-building skills
  • Critical thinking and organizational abilities

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