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What Is an Air Conditioning Technician and How to Become One

How to Become an Air Conditioning Technician

As an air conditioning technician, you install and repair heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in a home or building. Your job duties include troubleshooting AC systems, conducting tests to determine the cooling levels required in a facility, and performing routine maintenance. To become an air conditioning technician, you typically need to complete an HVAC associate degree or certificate program or participate in an apprenticeship that combines classroom experience with on-the-job training. Depending on your state, you may also need to obtain a license. Additional qualifications include strong mechanical skills and experience with industry tools, such as metal cutters, flow sensors, and current meters.

What Does an Air Conditioning Technician Do?

Air conditioning technicians install and perform maintenance on cooling and air conditioning systems. In this role, you determine what size unit is required for the home or office, find the best location for the air conditioning unit, install the unit, and test it to make sure it runs properly and does not disrupt any other system in the building. When the system stops working or has other issues, you examine the unit, make adjustments or repairs, and troubleshoot other problems that may arise. Some technicians focus exclusively on AC units, especially in companies that maintain a lot of them, but other technicians also concentrate on heating and ventilating systems. In these cases, the job is often called an HVAC technician instead of an air conditioning technician.